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OfiliSpeaks: Of the Presidential Elections – The Role of Ethnicity & Other Questions Answered With Numbers



On March 31st at 5:15 PM, Nigerian President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan placed a historic call to Retired General Muhammadu Buhari to congratulate him on his 2015 Presidential election victory. An election won by exactly 2,571,759 votes.

Now it’s easy for that one number to get all the media attention … but there are several other smaller numbers that tell a bigger story and as an engineer I am addicted to the numbers. So I reviewed the data and observed several things such as the roles of Governors play in swaying votes as whether ethnic centered voting decided the Presidential elections.
Here are my findings below:

The Total Votes
Out of a population of about 180 million (per 2013 CIA World Fact book estimate) only 15.7% (28,278,083) of Nigerians participated in the selection of their President. On the surface 15.7% seems like a low number, but when you consider the fact that 44% of Nigeria’s population are below the age of 15, (ineligible voters) then the figure seems a bit more plausible.

The Distorted PVC Collection Rates
Overall PVC collection rate across the nation was 81.98%. The North-West and North-East zones recorded the highest PVC collection rate of 90.80% and 86.98%. A key reason could be due to the motivation factor in that Northern states were more motivated to pick up their PVC due to the devastating impact of Boko Haram in that region. But on the flip side, Borno had the lowest PVC collection rate in those 2 zones with 72.79%. This is likely because of the concentrated attacks of Boko Haram in that state above all other states in the zones.

In contrast, the South-West zone recorded the lowest PVC collection rate of 67.28% versus the national average 81.98%. The worst culprits where Lagos and Ogun state with a PVC collection rate of 65.25% and 61.53% respectively.
But South-West was not the only zone affected by low PVC collection, in the North-Central zone’s Abuja the FCT recorded a PVC collection rate of only 64.56%, this leads me to believe that the PVC collection rate was directly related to the transient nature of some states. For instance states like Lagos where housing is scarce would likely record more changes in residential addresses between 2011 and 2015 than other states in Nigeria – same as Ogun State, the educational hub of Nigeria where students temporarily set up residences till after graduation when they move to another location. And with most PVC pick up locations in 2015 tied to the voters original 2011 address, it is easy to see how this would have affected PVC pick up.

Where Did the PVC Collectors Go?
Across the nation 56,431,255 PVCs were physically collected as recorded by INEC. However, out of that amount only 31,746,490 people showed up to be accredited which is a turn out rate of 56.26%. Which means that for every 10 people that picked up their PVC … 4 of them stayed at home or mysteriously disappeared. This is a very disappointing number. But this could be due to fraudulent PVC pick up’s that got exposed by the new electrical card reader system introduced by INEC.Or that like me people’s 2011 polling unit was different from their 2015 residential address and with restriction of movement during election it made it complex for them to vote. For instance, I had to stay in a hotel with my family to cast my vote in Lagos at a cost of N22,500!
The widest gap in number of collected PVCs versus actual votes was observed in the South East zone. Out of 6,621,541 PVCs collected only 46.21% showed up to vote …. Meaning 3,561,448 people with PVCs did not vote. Again it could be the electrical card reader system at work.

Still on The Lagos Matter
Lagos with 5,827,846 had the highest number of registered voters across the nation, but the number of accredited voters was a complete reverse, it was a paltry 28.81% the lowest in the nation.To understand how bad this number was …Delta state with just a 1/3rd of the number of registered voters (2,044,372 registered to vote in Delta) of Lagos recorded roughly the same number of accredited voters as Lagos! 1,350,914 in Delta versus 1,678,754 in Lagos.

The Governor & VP Effect
The Sambo Effect: Although President Goodluck lost heavily in the North-West picking only 15% of the votes available in that region. In Kaduna he managed to pick 29% of the votes … doubling his average performance in the North-West states. This is likely due to the Vice President’s Sambo influence in Kaduna, his state of origin. Although sadly his performance was not enough to make Kaduna remotely competitive.

The Rochas effect: Similar to the above example, PDP got an average of 16,248 votes in the 5 South East zone states. But with the influence and work of Imo State Governor Rochas Okorocha from the APC, he was able to gather 10 times the South Eastern average in Imo State pulling in133,253 votes, the highest ever for Buhari in the South East zone. This is a good sign for APC in the South East and shows that with key APC party members from that region they can become competitive against PDP in the South East in years to come.

What of the Amaechi Effect? Unlike Rochas and Sambo, Rivers State Governor was not able to influence the results in his state. With APC getting only 4.37% of the available votes in that state. This could be because of the last minute shift of his deputy back to PDP … but the main reason is that Rivers state before the 1996 split to create Bayelsa was once the State of origin for Goodluck. And thus they voted heavily in support of him … which brings us to that word everybody dreads “ethnicity.”

The Ethnic Vote
The 2 major candidates in the elections General Buhari and Goodluck states of origin were from the North-West (Katsina) and South-South (Bayelsa) respectively. In the South-South Goodluck received 89.66% of the votes while Buhari received 81.34%. Basically 9 out of 10 people in the South-South voted Goodluck and 8 out of 10 people in the North-West voted Buhari.

Following that trend the bordering zones voted in much the same way. The North-East had 75.28% of their vote go to General Buhari, while the South-East had 87.55% of their vote go to Goodluck. The slant however being greater in the South-East zone. With 9 out of 10 people in the South East voting Goodluck and 7-8 out of 10 people in the North East voting Buhari.
The last 2 geo-political zones the North-Central and South-West  did not replicate the lopsided voting in the other zones. In both regions APC garnered about 54.92% of the votes while PDP garnered about 40.08% of the votes. This can be attributed to both zones not having any major Presidential candidates in the elections.

Nigerians largely voted along Presidential ethnic lines in this elections. However zones like the South West and North Central regions that did not align ethnically with any major Presidential candidate did not follow the trend. And this is promising for our democracy because it means that our Presidency cannot be decided wholly along ethnic lines.

For example if you swap the South-West and North-Central votes between Good-Luck and Buhari the final election result would be Buhari 14,140,129 and Goodluck 14,137,954 a difference of only 2,175. So on the surface people might presume Buhari won because of the large voting block in the North 18,160,946 versus the South 13,585,544 but Buhari won based on his performance in Ethnic neutral zones.

Lastly, the PVC collection in South-West was low for various reasons mentioned above. For all the magnificent work that INEC has done this year in revolutionizing our electoral process the PVC distribution will be their dark spot. It’s inexcusable that a state such as Lagos with 5,827,846 eligible voters will have only 1,678,754 accredited voters meaning that 4,149,092 Lagosians could not exercise their right to vote.

But again this is not to take away from the efforts of INEC who ran one of the most organized and transparent elections in Nigerians history.

Final INEC official Presidential results:

PVC collection* numbers:
*INEC’s number of registered voters for PVC collection and that reported on election day are different by 1,411,501.

If you want to download a copy of the excel spreadsheet with all the voting data … feel free to download it at

Okechukwu Ofili is a trouble maker, the author of 4 books and speaks at organizations that are tired of hearing the same old stuff and want the truth. He is also the founder of and blogs daily at You can follow him on Twitter or stalk him on Instagram You can also read his funny books on konga or okadabooks


  1. amaa

    April 14, 2015 at 4:54 pm

    Credible Data Data Data!! that is Nigeria’s biggest challenge. Next step INEC should get the technology that will allow you vote where ever you are irrEspective of where you registered. A collective integration of the FRSC,PASSPORT and IMMGRATION,Bank BVN. Should be encouraged this will give you the data of most Nigerian as they either have one of the 3 documentation above.

  2. Kunle

    April 14, 2015 at 5:10 pm

    Based on your analysis, it seems the SS and South East are actually more ethnically biased than the NW and NE.
    Buhari got 8 out of 10 voters in his home state, GEJ got 9 out of 10 voters in his Home state.
    in NE Buhari got 7/8 out of 1o voters. In the SE GEJ got 9 out of 10 voters.
    Here on BN we often say Northerners are tribalist, ethnic etc. The numbers tell a different story: Southerners are slightly more ethnicist based on the numbers.

    Of course, you can explain the numbers with party structure/rigging arguments. PDP is stronger/can influence voting in the SE/SS (see Orji and his behavior in Abia) while in NE and Katsina Buhari couldn’t influence the polls as much.

    • bb

      April 14, 2015 at 6:52 pm

      I find your hypothesis fascinating but I do not agree with it. The voting pattern in SS + SE is simpler than your explanation, the NE + NW has a size able minority Christian population that explains the factor of 1 discrepancy there. The SS + SE is 99.9% Christian, but the NE and NW have significant Christian populations that could explain the difference of 1, there.

    • Carliforniabawlar

      April 14, 2015 at 7:49 pm

      So you changed the argument from ethnicity to religion? lmao!….playing the victim card must get tiring at some point! This is what you get when political suave and awareness is equated to cowardice. When the SW rallied around Jonathan en masse in 2011 no one cried foul…. Back then, we bought into the (very valid) argument of ethnic bias….insisted that the Northerners were wrong, that they were acting like the presidency was their birthright. I was so pissed when the then PDP chieftains were attempting to field another candidate as opposed to the already seating president…that was a direct insult to the SS.

      Well, this year, things were different, more pressing issues arose….right or wrong, people made up their minds and voted based on the perceived (real or imagined) strengths of the two candidates…I love that none of the candidates had a landslide win in any SW states….it showed that each person was thinking for themselves. My uncle was pro-Jonathan, his wife was pro-Buhari and my grandma….was pro-military coup! hehehe. Well, you can imagine that we argued a lot…lol. Several families had split votes like that.

      Anyways like I always say, this election season should do and go! Cos in our heart of hearts, we all truly love each other…. And I’m still busy searching for my Isoko beau… 😀

    • Okechukwu Ofili

      April 14, 2015 at 10:02 pm

      Very good point BB. Makes sense, I think the North is more ethnically/religiously diverse than the SE and SS….the latter could also be the high migratory tendency of the South Easterners.

    • nikky

      April 14, 2015 at 9:05 pm

      Different reasons motivate people’s decisions on election day. Someone may favor the policy agenda of a candidate on education, social welfare, security etc. (depending on what primarily matters to them). Other people’s decision on who to vote could equally be solely based on ethnic identity or the religious background of the candidate.
      With this data we can clearly make the argument that both candidates benefited from ethnic votes in different regions of the country. But i find that people especially on social media tend to look down on ethnic/religious based voters. People’s religious and ethnic identity matters and if it’s the sole reason for voting I don’t undercover why that is so negative.

    • nikky

      April 14, 2015 at 9:57 pm

      #unerstand why that is so negative.

    • Okechukwu Ofili

      April 14, 2015 at 10:05 pm

      Nikky its just that if people vote heavily based on Ethnicity then parties will base selections on not who can do the job but where they are form. THat is the danger. But our democracy is in transit, we are getting more ethnically diverse. Also Obama gets 90% of the African American vote so its not peculiar to Nigeria.

    • nnenne

      April 14, 2015 at 9:14 pm

      @Kunle… The North had two sons running in the ruling and opposition party. So they voted for both. Your assumption is very wrong.

    • legit

      April 15, 2015 at 10:19 pm

      You analysis does not make sense…

      Its like saying someone who fired 10 shots versus someone who fired 8 shots had more intention to kill the victim.. IN both instances, the victim was dead by the 2nd shot, so emphasizing on the if it is 8 or 10 shots is irrelevant.

      Your point about 9 out of 10 in the SE or SS vs 8 out of 10 in the NW/ NE does not make sense.. Both regions definitely went with who they could relate to geographically, culturally and religious wise…. No need to say SE is more biased than the NW. They were both biased in this election

  3. Kunle

    April 14, 2015 at 5:19 pm

    Going by the data, it seems Southerners vote along ethnic lines more than Northerners.

    GEJ got 9 of 10 voters in the SE & SS, but Buhari got 7/8 of 10 voters in his home state and NE.

    Des this mean that Southerners are actually more tribalist than Northerners?

    Of course, you can explain this with party structure arguments. PDP is able to influence voting in the SS and SE, but APC can’t do the same in the NE &NW. Examples here are the Abia crisis (Governor convincing INEC to change their minds on void results ) and so on.

    • Honey

      April 14, 2015 at 7:41 pm

      Southerners are actually more tribalistic and less trusting of other tribes. I think it stems from the war but we need to work together to have a great Nigeria. A tree can’t make a forest . Let’s face d future as one Nigeria. God bless Nigeria

  4. Root

    April 14, 2015 at 6:58 pm

    All in all, kudos to the South Westerners whose politicking is becoming more matured and less ethnocentric and hopefully other zones will follow suit. Some may say the Yoruba voted Buhari in because a Yoruba was billed to take up the Vice-presidential slot, but don’t forget that they voted enmasse for Jonathan in 2011 even when they had no candidate on the VP slot. In fact most Nigerians did cos we bought his story of shoelessness. Now we know that a nation does not run on good luck alone but on good governance.

    • Honey

      April 14, 2015 at 7:37 pm

      Thank u, Yorubas are more liberal/ open minded. I understand the NE/ NW due to lower education level in the area but SS/SE are more about ethnicity and tribe. It’s not good for our democracy.

    • nnenne

      April 14, 2015 at 9:19 pm

      Have ever lived in any SE state before. Ask people who have. My yoruba friends who have attest to it. After NYSC, they all look for wives to take home. Not making it up.

    • Dzy

      April 15, 2015 at 4:14 pm

      Yes the south easterners also voted Yaradua,, Obj, and Abiola (even though his opponent Tofa had an Igbo man as the VP candidate). I think people need to stop making this a big deal. The Igbos did not want to vote for Buhari period, am actually proud of the fact that they were not swayed . I used to praise the South West on how they were coordinated and voted in block and were not swayed, they always had a regional party and will always vote along those lines. This made the SW stronger politically, so hopefully it will make the SE stronger politically. People forget that SS and the SE were not historically on the same side politically. The SS and the North have always been political allies, this election kind of changed that. I think Nigerians should read our political history before the write or comment on articles. One need not be born in the 70s and 80s to know what happened then, you can read about it.

  5. NagosBigBoi

    April 14, 2015 at 7:32 pm

    Great job Ofili! Too often people talk without looking at the data. I am glad BN published an article like this.

  6. Honey

    April 14, 2015 at 7:34 pm

    Yes, SWs are more open and independent minded. There’s hardly a steep voting line in that region in recent times.

  7. idomagirl

    April 14, 2015 at 7:44 pm

    Thank you! I’m going to send this to someone who has been arguing endlessly with me.

  8. Grace

    April 14, 2015 at 8:55 pm

    Okay Ofili, let me tell you the reason the SW seemed ‘less tribalistic’ is the strong presence of SEasterners in places like Lagos, Ibadan and Ife. You also need to understand the SEasterners in the North ran away for fear of violence. The SWesterners hardly settle outside their region and if they do, they are too suspicious to blend in with the tribes.

    Rather than call out the SE and SS, we need to ask why they vehemently voted against APC, is it because propaganda is anti their culture ‘Igbo enwero Eze’ remember. Cos methinks APC is founded on propaganda only or is it because a SW and Northern coalition brought back memories of 1967?

    If we truly are one nation, then everybody must feel welcomed. Every Igbo person knows how individualistic the Igbos are, yet for once, they came together to support one candidate and this love for PDP produced some of their own in the Lagos House. The Ibos were just voting PDP all through. Look at the resistance from the SE and SS to APC. Rochas is a social leper of some sort now, he’s called Alhaji Rochas Danjuma and imo indigenes Hv sworn to send him away ( though it Cld also be due to the fact that he spent the money to be used in developing the state on Media propaganda)

    I think the elections show this, we are all tribalistic and the SE and SS bear a huge grievance with Nigeria. If we say we must live together, Buhari should start by not ending the sea port project.

    I don’t have great hopes for this govt, a group rumored to be responsible for killing youths for their ambitions and who would never concede defeat are suspect.

    One Nigeria

    Btw, I didn’t see your evaluation of Ekiti state

    • Samuel

      April 14, 2015 at 10:19 pm

      you sound with all due respect like a bigot.

    • Kike

      April 14, 2015 at 11:22 pm

      Grace your comment has just proven how tribalisitic the South Easterners are. The most tribalistic people I have ever come across are Ibos, I say that based on experience and not out of malice. They obviously still live in the shadow of Biafra. If you don’t engage in national politics and build alliances outside of your region you will forever be singing the song of marginilisation.

      I am an unashamedly proud Yoruba girl and I am more than proud with the diversity in my people’s votes. Free-minded, mature, liberal politics.

      By the way Grace, beside Lagos the Ibo presences in the rest of the South-West is non-existent so attributing all PDP votes in the SW to Ibos is baffling, plus the Ibos are not the only ‘other’ ethnic group in Lagos.

    • Professor X

      April 15, 2015 at 12:49 am

      What exactly did Grace right that is so tribalistic? Perhaps you Kike are the one projecting your tribalistic feelings onto someone else. Such vitriol in your comments and spirit.
      PDP is rooted in the SE in a way that APC is not. Therefore, it makes more sense that the SE will likely vote PDP.

    • Blessmyheart

      April 14, 2015 at 11:55 pm

      His evaluation was by regions not states, why do you want to see the evaluation of Ekiti state?

    • Blessmyheart

      April 14, 2015 at 11:57 pm

      Also strong presence of South Easterners in Ibadan and Ife?????

    • honey

      April 15, 2015 at 12:50 am

      So because of a handful of igbos in some parts of sw, na so d vote/data be like that. Yimu, SW people are forward thinkers, not extremely bitter against any tribe at d expense of common sense.
      This data interests me so much because I had been predicting the % of votes for APC and PDP even before it is what it is.

    • honey

      April 15, 2015 at 12:51 am

      Before elections *. It is what it is. And to say yorubas don’t live outside their states much, lie.

    • BlueEyed

      April 15, 2015 at 2:35 am

      Thank you grace

    • Olori Tari

      April 15, 2015 at 7:06 am

      ” don’t have great hopes for this govt, a group rumored to be responsible for killing youths for their ambitions and who would never concede defeat are suspect.” <—- this is DISGUSTING! What the actual hell? This is how you people reason? They are rumoured for killing youths? Rumoured where? Your part of the world? Sigh…this is what you people go around thinking! + they do concede defeat when it looks fair and square Abeg…NEVER? Biko, read more and reason more.. I'm actually legit annoyed with such a grand claim about killing of youths and the 'rumoured" you added don't make it any better.. Such allegations are very very hard to take in… Why am I surprised anyway when the ignorant PDP youths that GEJ wasted our money on such as Ohimai were hashtagging #IsisBuhari during the election.. Educate yourselves on issues like this darlings.

    • Root

      April 15, 2015 at 8:44 am

      Well I say bull crap. First lie, ”SWesterners hardly settle outside their region”, we may not abandon our ancestral home enmasse like the SEasterners do, but we do move around too and get along with our host community, not claiming that their home is no man’s land and start crowning obas for ourselves in other people’s ancestral homes. Second lie, ”APC is founded on propaganda” I think PDP’s propaganda machinery is so advanced that it needed billions from the nation’s coffers this past election to run it from AIT and NTA. If that wasn’t propaganda I wonder…
      ”If we are truly one nation, then everybody should feel welcome…” Really!!! Okay I get it. The obaship of Lagos must be up elections too so that foreigners can also contest cos I don’t understand what you mean by welcome. You stay in the south west, you live happily, raise your family, do your business, nobody harrases you, you buy land, build your houses etc and you are still complaining??? Well your statement ”…produced some of their own in the Lagos house” says it all doesn’t it? How many Yorubas or Hausas were voted into your state houses of assembly in the South East? Food for thought!

  9. Professor X

    April 14, 2015 at 9:24 pm

    How is the SE voting ethnically? GEJ is not Igbo. A more salient point is that GMB is not liked in the SE. Additionally, APC is seen as the party of SW, making the SE more likely to vote PDP. Next time present data and avoid drawing such tenuous conclusions

    • Root

      April 15, 2015 at 8:50 am

      More like the Ibos have a big chip on their shoulders, the civil war. And they brought that chip along to the voting booths. That’s why they lost out. I think it’s time to move on don’t you think, because I think the real tragedy would be if the next generations of Ibos, your children’s children are passed the chip to carry like a relay Barton. That will do nobody any good, and the resentment of others based on their tribe will only serve as an anchor dragging your tribe back.

    • Root

      April 15, 2015 at 9:14 am

      *Relay batton*

  10. Tkum

    April 14, 2015 at 10:12 pm

    this is sham…did I hear you say Rochas garnered votes for GEJ? if yes, u r so wrong

  11. nene+

    April 15, 2015 at 1:09 am

    @Kunle and Honey you are both wrong!

    SS and SE do not like the candidacy of Buhari and would not pretend about it.
    Call up the data on how Yaradua and Obasanjo voting pattern and see that SS and SE voted OBJ and Yaradua.

    Get it SS and SE don’t pretend and will never be hoodwinked. We can vote any hausa but Buhari.

    As for me i will never ever ever ever vote Buhari nor watch him on TV its that bad. Its my policy and i will stand by it.

    You may ask me why the hatred? Its because of the innocent NYSC members and the rest over a thousand Nigerians hacked to death because he lost an election in 2011 and he never apologized and as such i CAN NOT USE MY THUMB TO ENDORSE AN UNREPENTANT KILLER.

    Go and exhume Yaradua and i will be happy to vote for him instead of Buhari
    You SW also know this however most of you voted him cos Tinubu whitewashed him and sold him to you. I am not a Tinubu follower and so i cant patronize him.

    • Ayobami

      April 15, 2015 at 8:50 am

      Awww……so much hatred. you can like to watch cartoon network for the next four years.

    • Kili

      April 15, 2015 at 9:47 am

      But Nene… You really need to calm down. I’m sorry about how u feel, but it really really shows through how much bitterness you carry around.
      It was sad to see the murder of those Youth Corp members. Heck. It could have been me because I was deployed a year after.
      BUHARI couldn’t have apologized cos he wasn’t in a capacity to do so. He wasn’t the Head of State. If truly he made inciting statements, pls bring it forward.

      Ps. U see I didn’t insult you. Let’s just have a convo over a plate of chicken wings and Smirnoff Ice.

    • Okechukwu Ofili

      April 15, 2015 at 1:52 pm

      I really searched and searched but I could not find the 2007 State by State election data. That should give a clearer picture. But again as I stated this analysis was based on only 2015.

  12. Root

    April 15, 2015 at 9:05 am

    Lol. 4 years of bad belle can cause ulcer o. I am sure you haven’t actually sat down to analyse your feelings. Why did you vote Jonathan despite a lacklustre and less than stellar performance at the presidency. So you despise Buhari, we get that, why didn’t you vote KOWA party or any of the other numerous parties that fielded a presidential candidate. You guys are not consistent at all. And it’s that inconsistency that baffles people around you. Jonathan isn’t Ibo, but you voted enmasse for him cos he is bearing Ebele and Azikiwe. How exactly in the past five years has he helped the south-east with their problems, especially the unfortunate gully erosion and environmental degradation devastating your area, heck he couldn’t even do anything to the extreme oil pollution that has turned even his own homeland to a big waste, yet you all voted for him, praising him and hero-worshipping him. Yorubas would curse him if he was from their region, we all know that. That was why they didn’t vote for Obasanjo who lost in his own ward at his first election. My point; you need to be honest with yourself and tell yourself the truth about why you voted Jonathan instead of any other presidential aspirant and the truth will set you free.

    • Kili

      April 15, 2015 at 9:48 am

      Truth. Gospel truth.

  13. Chinma Eke

    April 15, 2015 at 10:15 am

    While we all are here arguing along ethnic lines, South-Africans are killing NIGERIANS. Not Igbos, or Hausa’s or Yoruba’s, but Nigerians.

    When are we going to get off the ethnicity, and religious bias? Outside Nigeria, we are seen as one: Nigerians, but back home, we remember our ancestry..
    Big deal, I’m Igbo, you’re Yoruba, she’s Hausa: FINE. Accept it, move on. View this ethnicity thingy from the micro-environment out, and you’ll see it isn’t such a big deal. For example, 9 out of ten people would support their bother or sister over their first cousin, sometimes even over their spouse. When you analyze it further, you see it’s a fact of life. It’s something we have to deal with all the rest of our life. Yoruba, Hausa, Igbo, Irish, Dutch, Jews, Ashanti, we’re all tribalistic, accept it, move on.

    BTW Ofili, nice work analyzing the 2015 elections, and anyone who feels this article didn’t cover all it should have? Write your own.

    • Root

      April 16, 2015 at 6:34 am

      You are right. And ethnocentricism doesn’t even make sense when you realise that you belong to your tribe only by an accident of birth. You didn’t choose your tribe.

  14. yea

    April 15, 2015 at 10:20 am

    SouthEastern people have to get rid of their hatred and unforgiveness, they need to move away from the bitterness of the Biafra war. until then, they will keep getting the shorter end of the stick of the project Nigeria.

    • Professor X

      April 15, 2015 at 4:09 pm

      Forgiveness is a two-way process. It requires that Nigeria acknowledge the immense loss of life and properties sustained by the Igbo during the war, before asking the Igbo to forgive.

      Also we need to commemorate the Biafran war and build monuments (the same way the Holocuast is remembered and also the Rwandan genocide). This should also others Nigerian groups that have suffered mass injustice . Let’s face up to all of Nigerian history and not hide any parts.

      After all, if someone murdered your whole family and your children died of starvation, how would you feel, 4 decades later of someone asked you to simply forget???

    • Root

      April 16, 2015 at 6:30 am

      While not trying to be insensitive, you guys started a war. What did you think, that it was going to be a tea party? You didn’t expect casualties? What about Nigerians who died too, or weren’t they human beings. I say let’s move on already and forge ahead.

  15. mabel

    April 15, 2015 at 10:28 am

    People still arguing about why somebody voted for this person and not this person, pls move on. Apc government in power, I will ask them as I have never asked before, let each state be in charge of whatever is coming out of their state. That way development will take place. Everytime the so called center will be packing everything. Why won’t they kill? Why won’t they borrow so much to be there? Why won’t they steal so much? Why won’t they act like it’s their birthright to be there? Why will people be angry that another person in this case region did not vote one candidate? Is there no longer freedom of association? Buhari government better endorse that confab report . Running this government is too expensive abeg. See people, the election has come and has gone let’s move to other things that need changing. #Endorse the confab report. Plus you don’t have to like another tribe. After all you’ve been able to live together all these years. Eh it’s ok, keep pretending till the father calls you home. After all we are all foreigners in this world.

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