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Here Are the Winners of the 2016 Nobel Prizes Announced So Far

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David J. Thouless, F. Duncan M. Haldane and J. Michael Kosterlitz

David J. Thouless, F. Duncan M. Haldane and J. Michael Kosterlitz

The Royal Academy of Sciences announced on Tuesday in Stockholm that the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics is being shared by three scientists.

It explained that the Nobel Prize in Physics 2016 was divided, with one half awarded to David J. Thouless, the other half jointly to F. Duncan M. Haldane and J. Michael Kosterlitz “for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter.”

The Academy also announced that the prize amount is $93o,000 million and would be split proportionally between the three winners.

Meanwhile, one of the winners, Haldane, said he was “very surprised” at the news.

He added that he was glad that their discoveries found something many previously overlooked, and that they unveiled more possibilities for looking for new materials.

Haldane emphasised that series of works are still ongoing.

Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Bernard L. Feringa and Sir J. Fraser Stoddart

Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Bernard L. Feringa and Sir J. Fraser Stoddart

On Wednesday, the academy also named Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Sir Fraser Stoddart and Bernard Feringa, as winners of the 2016 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

The academy said in statement in Stockholm that they won the prizes for the design and synthesis of molecular machines.

It stated that “the 2016 Nobel Laureates in Chemistry, had miniaturised machines and taken chemistry to a new dimension”.

According to the statement, the machines are a thousand times thinner than a hair strand.

The academy said that the trio, based in France, the U.S. and the Netherlands, developed molecules with controllable movements, which could perform a task when energy was added.

“Molecular machines will most likely be used in the development of new materials, sensors and energy storage systems”.

The chemistry prize was the third of this year’s Nobel Prize awards to be announced.

Yoshinori Ohsumi

Yoshinori Ohsumi

Japan-born scientist, Yoshinori Ohsumi had also been announced as this year’s winner of the Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology. He  illuminated a cellular process called autophagy, or “self-eating,” in which cells take unneeded or damaged material, including entire organelles, and transport them to a recycling compartment of sorts — in yeast cells, this compartment is called the lisosome, while vacuoles serve a similar purpose in human cells.

Ohsumi figured out a way to observe the inner workings of yeast cells and reveal autophagy inside them. He went even further to identify the genes involved in yeast autophagy and to show that similar self-eating mechanisms occur inside human cells.

His discoveries in the 1990s led to a new understanding of how the cell recycles its contents, opening up a window into the importance of autophagy to several physiological processes and even to understanding certain diseases. Mutations in autophagy have been linked to diseases such as cancer and neurological disorders like Parkinson’s disease.

5 Comments

  1. Lateefah

    October 5, 2016 at 9:39 pm

    big congrats to the winners! I’m sure they feel good to be recognized for their works while alive

  2. dilish

    October 6, 2016 at 8:13 am

    Hmmmm. People are reading oooo and making a difference in this world. We are here arguing that naija jollof is sweeter than Ghanaian jollof. smh

  3. Puzzles

    October 6, 2016 at 10:13 am

    Awww!!! Where is my favorite physicist, Sheldon Cooper????

  4. Ivie

    October 6, 2016 at 10:57 am

    Hmm. do we have research grants, scholarships and facilities or institutes in Nigeria.?

    • Tosin

      October 6, 2016 at 10:07 pm

      we do need to get organized. Africa…research…you know the drill…we don’t have time for long-term planning or thinking…everything ozugbo ozugbo like my brother Chude wrote.
      even thinking, experimenting, not contouring face, not being at every high-table or party, are more or less considered weird in these streets…but I’m sure there are crazy dreamers and innovators out here anyway, doing their thing.

      but yeah Africa would do well to get organized, so that these precious few people don’t have to fight all the forces to be able to do their thing…so that there can be more more more of them. the nobel is just a prize, the point is excellence. and we sort of to be honest don’t like excellence that much lol, we love bullshit and we love compromise and we love a little to the left a little to the right. but there will always be the stubborn ones 🙂 🙂 in any society. hi if you’re out there. even if it’s not science that you do, still hi.

      re: chances of winning from Nigeria: for now we have Nigerian researchers abroad sha, sooner or later one of them will grab something 🙂

      if you want something to flourish, try funding a prize in it. the NLNG is the only sorta big acada/innovation prize I know here. There should be more? (it’s not even all about the money, just a prestigious and consistently credible prize, and money of course 🙂 )

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