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Adams Oshiomhole: “Okonjo-Iweala’s Tenure as Finance Minister is a Total Disaster & Colossal Failure”

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Adams Oshiomhole

Governor of Edo State, Adams Oshiomhole penned an article titled Okonjo-Iweala’s Hidden Figures in which he criticizes the Minister of Finance and Coordinating Minister for the Economy about fuel scarcity, the alleged “missing” $20 billion that NNPC reportedly failed to remit to the federation account, and more.

Here is the article, as published by Sahara Reporters:

As the country transits from one democratic dispensation to another, there is no gainsaying that the state of the nation’s economy is the focal point, especially with the unending fuel scarcity, which is gradually grinding the nation to a halt. No doubt, the best person to explain the state of the economy today is Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Honorable Minister of Finance and Coordinating Minister of the Economy, whose management of the nation’s resources in these past four years has elicited different reactions from Nigerians.

As a member of the National Economic Council, I had spoken out at different times at NEC meetings and even in public on the way the economy is managed under Dr. Okonjo-Iweala, again, I want to share my views with the public on some of the issues affecting the Nigerian nation.

Recently, Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, the Honorable Minister of Finance and Coordinating Minister for the Economy (CME) has been all over the place, pointing in the wrong directions and blaming everybody but herself for the parlous state of the Nigerian economy.  Coming after her deafening silence on the PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) audit of NNPC crude oil sales and receipts, which revealed massive abuse of public trust and stealing of our common patrimony in high places under her watch and the government she serves, it is quite intriguing that with barely few days left in office, she has suddenly woken up from her slumber to realize that oil marketers have been all along falsifying subsidy claims and defrauding the nation of billions of naira and dollars.

This latter day “policy activism” on her part deserves closer scrutiny and interrogation. Perhaps for fear of the incoming President, Gen. Muhammadu Buhari, come May 29, 2015, Dr. Okonjo-Iweala is now compelled to disclose to Nigerians that a cabal is holding the country and the government to ransom.  Beside the abuse of the subsidy regime, we will insist that Dr. Okonjo-Iweala also comes clean on some other critical issues that demand accountability from her and her office.

According to Dr. Okonjo-Iweala, after paying N156 billion to the oil marketers, the marketers came with another claim of N200 billion, which includes a N159 billion coming not from actual supply of fuel but from exchange rate differentials.  This resulted in a prolonged bickering that led to the current nation-wide fuel scarcity and total blackout.

The question to ask is: how come that it is now, for the first time, that we are hearing from the Minister of Finance about fraudulent claims by the oil marketers amounting to billions of Naira? At what point did the Minister of Finance and CME realize that these fraudulent and similar claims are going on? When did it start? Is it just recently or it has been going on all along? These questions are pertinent because we know that if the Petroleum Products Pricing Regulatory Agency (PPPRA) were doing its work diligently, all claims by oil marketers would be vetted on a daily basis before the Ministry of Finance processes their payments. Hence, there should be no dispute about the amount due to oil marketers at any point in time.

What the foregoing, therefore, suggests is that all along, PPPRA, the Ministry of Finance and the oil marketers have been involved in an unholy alliance, in the mismanagement of the fuel subsidy regime and in the process defrauding the nation of its revenues.

The Minister of Finance cannot stop at simply shedding crocodile tears about fraudulent claims by oil marketers. Having found her voice, thanks to the fear of Gen. Buhari, it is very necessary that Dr. Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala takes one more crucial step at full disclosure. She must disclose to the nation the full details of subsidy payments made to oil marketers in the last four years, including the parameters used to calculate the subsidies. This also must include how much of the subsidy was paid to the NNPC since the NNPC is also being accused of making the same fraudulent claims. In other words, the Minister of Finance should be prepared to provide more information and make more explanations regarding the management or mismanagement of subsidy payments in the last four years.

The squandering of the Excess Crude Account (ECA) is another area in which the Minister of Finance should come out, shed more light and put all the cards on the table. During several meetings of the National Economic Council (NEC), which has all the governors as members and with the Vice-President as Chairman, I had cause to observe that the State Governments, who are joint owners of the ECA, with the Federal Government, were not being adequately briefed on the status of the Account.

Accordingly, I had consistently demanded from the Minister of Finance a transparent and periodic disclosure of accruals to the ECA, at least on monthly basis. I had argued that even village associations do make available their financial statements from time to time, and as NEC, I see no reason why we will not even do better. All these years, my pleas fell on deaf ears. The Minister of Finance consistently failed to apprise the NEC with critical information on the management and operations of the ECA in black and white, when she eventually got to do that, it was usually verbal and casual, and hardly meaningful enough for decision-making.

The Minister of Finance had also developed the penchant for deliberately avoiding NEC’s crucial meetings, which many saw as a ploy to keep the governors in the dark. And when she is not around, no one gets any information, as if she was running a one-man show.

Coming to the specifics, it is interesting to note that by December 2012 the ECA had a balance of over $10 billion. This has been depleted to $2.07 billion by May 2015, according to the Finance Minister. Between January 2013 and May 2015, not more than $4 billion was shared from the ECA. Indeed, the last time any money was shared from the ECA was in May 2013.

For six clear months in 2013, NEC did not meet, an act many believed was contrived to conceal information on the operations of the ECA. When eventually NEC met after those six months, the Minister of Finance reported that the ECA had dropped to $4 billion. This prompted me to ask a very pertinent question: if the closing balance of the ECA as at December 2012 was over $10 billion and that for three years running Nigeria’s budget have been based on the average of between $77 and $79 benchmark while the average price of Nigeria’s crude has been $108 per barrel, suggesting an average of about $30 per barrel, how come that there was no accretion to the ECA? Indeed, based on a rough estimate, we should be expecting not less than $30 billion accretion based on the official oil exports of 2.3 million barrels per day. The question, which Dr. Okonjo-Iweala should answer, therefore, is why did Nigeria not make any savings during the unprecedented boom years from 2011 to August 2014?

The explanation offered by the Minister of Finance, which was as usual oral, and of course, far from satisfactory, was hinged on three factors, namely: (a) because of oil theft not much accrued to the ECA; (b) part of ECA was also used to fund petroleum subsidy and SURE-P; and (c) part of the ECA was also shared to the three tiers of government at the request of the state governments. Her claims in my view are untenable, fraudulent, illegal, unconstitutional and clear breach of extant financial regulations.

In the first place, ECA is not an exclusive preserve of the Federal Government. It belongs to all the tiers of government: federal, state and local governments. Moreover, the Minister of Finance has no power whatsoever to spend monies without the express consent and approval of the State Governments. Until questions were asked as to the status of the ECA, no State Government was put in the picture about the fact that money was taken from the ECA, why it was; and for what purpose.

It is also a fact known to all that under the 1999 Constitution (as amended), only the National Assembly (NASS) has the power to appropriate monies for subsidy. Similarly, nobody spends money that is not appropriated or in excess of what was appropriated without recourse to NASS. And with regards to funding subsidies and SURE-P from ECA, there was no indication anywhere that NASS authorized the use of ECA for that purpose.  The amount in question is also evidently far in excess of what the country can consume of petroleum products, even if every Nigerian is a consumer of petroleum products. In this regard, therefore, the Minister of Finance has a lot of explanation to make; particularly in the manner she knowingly enriched oil marketers and condoned abuse of due process in the operations of ECA.

Regarding the funding of SURE-P, the understanding from the outset was that SURE-P would be funded from the difference between new and old price of petroleum products, after the partial removal of the subsidies in 2012. Why the Minister should fund SURE-P from the ECA is inexplicable, because it is a complete violation of the law and due process. In this regard, it is necessary that Dr. Okonjo-Iweala makes available to the nation SURE-P’s financial statements, indicating clearly the sources and uses of funds.

The Minister of Finance also made allusion to the sharing of the ECA as requested by the State Governments. This is obviously one-sided and being economical with the truth. What Nigerians are asking is not what was shared but the whole story about the operations of the ECA itself. At any rate, considering that not more than $4 billion was shared, this is not adequate to explain how the country went from $22 billion at the end of 2007 to the current paltry $2.07 billion balance in the ECA in 2015, bearing in mind, the oil boom period from 2011 to 2014.  For the sake of transparency and accountability Dr. Okonjo-Iweala has a duty to herself, to the nation and the international community to account for what transpired in the ECA by giving full disclosure of how much accrued to ECA on a month-by-month basis and the subsequent outflows.

On the question of oil theft, I can proudly say I was among those whose probing questions compelled NEC to set up a Committee to investigate the problem of crude oil theft. It became quite apparent in our interaction with security agencies that crude oil theft has indeed, become official. Some of the military officers confessed that whenever they apprehend oil thieves on the high sea, a telephone call from above would compromise all their efforts. When we suggested that any ship caught in the act be immediately destroyed, we were told that that would pollute the waters. Hence, till date not a single person was caught or prosecuted on account of this heinous crime against the nation.

I recall during one of NEC’s meetings with the Vice-President presiding, one of the Governors was on record, as having expressed concerns that the inability of the government to deal with oil theft might be because the proceeds of such a crime flow into political coffers as one of the means to compromise the 2015 election. Still, under her watch the problem persisted; the country keeps hemorrhaging and all we get are banal excuses and obfuscation of our concrete realities.

The recent nationwide fuel and energy crisis, adjudged the worst in the economic history of Nigeria, is merely a reflection of the gross mismanagement of the economy, which characterized Dr. Okonjo-Iweala’s tenure since 2011.  As we speak, there is a widespread and popular feeling that she has presided over the wanton mismanagement of the Nigerian economy since the inauguration of the democratic order in 1999. Aspects of this could be seen from the reckless borrowing and debt accumulation since 2011, as well as the manner in which government’s recurrent budget has been continuously funded through borrowings, while about a quarter of the national budget is allocated to debt servicing.

Under Dr. Okonjo-Iweala, government borrowings were programmed to support wasteful expenditures. In the same vein, budgets were so poorly formulated and skewed towards consumption such that 90% of budgetary releases were meant for recurrent expenditures, which is injurious to the economy.

There is the urgent need to launch an audit trail of the sources and uses of the borrowed funds we have accumulated in the last five years amounting to over N8 trillion. It does not make sense to accumulate such huge debts without a tangible infrastructure project that we can point to as evidence of fund utilization.

Dr. Okonjo-Iweala was quick to blame State governments for not paying salaries, but the situation with the federal government employees is even worse. Things have gone so bad that even salaries of federal employees have to be paid by recourse to irresponsible borrowing from the capital markets.

Let me state for the record at this juncture that while Dr. Okonjo-Iweala, as Minister of Finance is borrowing recklessly to pay salaries of federal employees, in Edo State we are paying salaries as and when due, including teachers employed by Local Government Councils without recourse to borrowing.

The implication of this reckless borrowing on the part of Dr. Okonjo-Iweala is that the future of workers’ savings in the form of pensions is clearly at stake. It means that there is no guarantee that workers and pensioners will have value for their hard-earned savings in the future.  In the first place, she has effectively withdrawn the entire savings of workers meant for pensions through issuance of bonds to fund payment of workers’ salaries and other wasteful spending. Secondly, excessive borrowing has devalued the Naira. At the time Dr. Ngozi assumed duty, the exchange rate was within the region of N100-N116 to one dollar, now it has been officially devalued to about N200 to one dollar. This has done incalculable damage to the value of savings of the pensioners, and when inflation is factored in, it is clear that by the time the Nigerian pensioner accesses his savings, the value will have been drastically reduced, no thanks to the gross mismanagement of the Nigerian economy by the Minister of Finance.

In this regard, the Minister should swallow her pride and admit that her tenure as Minister of Finance is a total disaster and colossal failure as far as economic management is concerned. In the same vein, given her so-called background as an international bureaucrat with the World Bank, our present sordid economic realities present a huge embarrassment to the country, particularly her penchant for violating financial regulations and all tenets of fiscal responsibility.

 Read the full article on Sahara Reporters

36 Comments

  1. Me

    May 28, 2015 at 3:03 pm

    Your Photograpers Photoshop skills are a total disaster and colossal failure!!

    • Niola

      May 28, 2015 at 3:12 pm

      Lol! I mean to the extent that dude has no eyebrows again…..o ga o

    • Beeeee

      May 28, 2015 at 4:01 pm

      Lmaoooooooo?????

    • Nkechi

      May 28, 2015 at 8:46 pm

      What is this present generation turning into. What happened to intellectualism. Why is it all about vanity. To seriously take part in the battle of words, you have got to be highly knowledgeable. Oshiomhole is attacking you with information and yet all you are giving back is looks. Can I just announce that a woman will still go for a powerful, strong, high achiever instead of a handsome man with no job, struggling with boards and exams, insulting men whose names go down history. If you really think about it, your insult over the years has not affected this man one bit. Governor with children, married and remarried, living life, his words matter to the Nigerian public. Young people please let’s focus on the potentials the great and mighty God invested in us, use it to His glory, speak the truth with all boldness, study wide so that when we talk they know that we have more than face. I don’t have time please. A high achiever is criticizing another high achiever( Harvard trained) yet you expect me to waste time using my God blessed me laptop to criticize. If these two people sit down with you in a board room, wetin you go de talk to conquer them. I beg I want to concentrate on my business and masters so that when I open my mouth, the world will rush to write something.

  2. Lati

    May 28, 2015 at 3:04 pm

    *grabs popcorn and waits for typical naija commenters to turn the criticism over to him until the whole issue ends up with his new wife*

    • Strit Kredibility

      May 28, 2015 at 4:26 pm

      Waiting with you on that. Soon the hecklers will completely skip the message and go on full throttle on Adam, his charming looks and new missus. I have my offio at hand too.

    • Sandi

      May 28, 2015 at 9:56 pm

      The criticism of him is simply this, Ngozi Iweala published the report of how much the Governors received from the Excess Crude Account. WHat did Oshiomole do with the billions he received?
      Please you can’t blame the Federal Government for everything, these Governors are supposed to be managers of their States.
      I am Edo yet I have not heard of my State generating IGR. Enugu has excelled outside of ECA, Akwa Ibom, Lagos too, please what has my governor done to increase IGR? Nothing and he is here making mouth?
      No attraction for businesses to my State, NOTHING. Please he should keep quiet.

    • Tosin

      May 30, 2015 at 1:08 am

      I agree. Oshiomhole should not be judged based on his looks since he did not create himself or orchestrate the coming together of his dad and mum. Let him be criticized based on his words and ways. No third party should stress themselves on his looks, that’s his wife’s territory. Please restrict your comments to his criticism of the minister.

  3. Ivy

    May 28, 2015 at 3:26 pm

    Oga, forget big grammar and focus on ur wife for now. Colossal failure ko….what have you done in Benin?

  4. pat

    May 28, 2015 at 3:27 pm

    are you sure?

  5. kelechi

    May 28, 2015 at 3:36 pm

    Okonjo ole! Rebased economy ko! May you rot in naija prison

  6. Sam

    May 28, 2015 at 3:39 pm

    Give us facts to buttress your arguments. Tired of reading all these subjective articles. Nigerian Journalists don’t do their research! How about a synopsis of the state of the economy before her tenure began and after? You can then analyse the facts and be objective about it devoid of sentiments. It is possible she made improvements in certain aspects of the economy that we are not preview to. That way, the article is fair and balanced.

    As a nation, we talk too much, with little emphasis on facts. It is who shouts the loudest wins the argument!

    Little wonder we progress so little as a nation.

    • Ada Nnewi

      May 28, 2015 at 4:42 pm

      I am so sure you did not read the article, if you did you would not call it a subjective…

    • Sandi

      May 28, 2015 at 10:07 pm

      It is not filled with facts it is filled with speculations. That one politician opens his mouth and spews nonsense does not translate to facts. For example claiming that NOI squandered ECA funds when in fact it was shared to the 36 Governors and yes she published how much each one of them got. It is exactly what has caused this reaction by Oshiomole. The fact that NOI dared to publish how much the Governors got and expose the fact that this Ode wasted the money on women and private jet trips to meet exotic women is what is paining him,

      In fact BN you need to start doing balanced reporting. You report one end of the story and not the other. I am yet to see you publish the Excess Crude Account and the amount of money that the Governors got. So Nigerians will understand what has actually occurred over the past 5 years is the fact that their Governors are blaming the FG for the jobs they are supposed to do.

      This man hasn’t paid salary to his workers he is ranting to cover his ass. We see you. We will vote your party out of EDO State, Bloody deceivers.

    • Tiwatope

      May 28, 2015 at 4:45 pm

      The article is filled with facts and figures, or can you not read?

    • Nkechi

      May 28, 2015 at 9:02 pm

      @Sam. You are the kind of intellectual and great thinker I am talking about. Keep it up please. I don’t know what his wife, eyebrow or picture have to do with the words he is exhuming. You must be someone who reads. Life is not all about looks. What legacy, working, holy knowledge are you leaving behind? Go to the grave yard and you will understand me clearly, Everywhere I go, unnecessary emphasis is laid on this man’s looks yet can you please tell me how he managed to become a governor and marry the dream of some men. Better add God and brain to your looks. Focus on the subject at hand. Some Nigerians in their twenties can’t even recite states and capitals. I beg argue with the man based on knowledge which is exactly what Sam is doing. Sam is bring knowledge and more information to the table. Let knowledge and knowledge collude oya.

  7. Elyon

    May 28, 2015 at 3:40 pm

    Thank God is all over! Let this APC loud mouths take over and lets see what they have for Nigerians. Let me see how they will deal with fuel subsidy which they were strongly against the removal. This woman called for the removal in the first place, but they shouted her down. Now its their turn to deal with it.

    • Tiwatope

      May 28, 2015 at 4:46 pm

      Don’t be stupid. The partial subsidy that Jonathan and Okonjo removed, what did they use it for? Where are the buses they said they would buy and bring to Lagos? Nowhere. The money = ghost. But you are saying the country should have allowed them take everything? Use your brain, please!

    • Sandi

      May 28, 2015 at 9:59 pm

      They used it to fix the Ore-Benin/Benin-Ore and still fixing it. They used it for Abuja-Kaduna railway, they used it for Abuja-Lokoja rd, they used it for the Graduate Internship Scheme. See they used it for plenty.

      Yes his PR team was a failure and failed to inform the public on these things. But the public too don’t care to discover something. Tomorrow you will credit Buhari for the work of Jonathan simply because you allowed BN or Linda Ikeji to be your only source of news or you refused to travel around your country.

  8. 4hh

    May 28, 2015 at 3:50 pm

    i have a problem with oshio’s comment., whats his basis or yardstick of analysis. You are not an economist so you cant fault her work. Can you explain to us where all the allocation you collected are? or does that make you a failed governor? What she said was that the marketer recorded gain during oil boom and so cant shift their looses to government now that there is a decline in price. Please sir, ask economist to explain to you if you don’t understand her analysis. God bless Nigeria.

    • Ada Nnewi

      May 28, 2015 at 4:43 pm

      Read the article…It has the answer to your question

    • not here for this

      May 29, 2015 at 12:42 am

      I have a problem with people like you saying that people CAN NOT fault economists because they are not trained in the subject.

      NOI has been a tremmondous failure. From the naira crashing to the national debt exploding under her watch. She was absolutely horrible and her failure had devastating consequences for millions of lives. All while the country was earning so much money with oil prices at their highest.

      She is from the same schools that most of the world bank and the imf economists who have been ruining Africa for decades hail from. I am yet to see ONE country who these world bank mofos have developped. The WB and the IMF did Greece in, they are the worst, Ethiopia has met more 2015 development goals than Naija despite being much poorer because it kicked these vultures out long ago.

      Sorry for coming at you like that but that sentence hit a nerve. I AM SO SICK OF PEOPLE PRAISING THIS WOMAN FOR GOING TO HARVARD, as if Harvard was God’s backyard or something. Most of the wall street crooks who caused the global financial crisis were hailing from those Ivy league schools. They have been pushing a neoliberal agenda that has failed and will keeep on failing because THEY ARE NEVER HELD ACCOUNTABLE because when their victims dare say something, the reply is always ‘shut up commoner, i went to Harvard, Yale, Columbia, im a trained economist bla blahhh’
      This is why people lose interest in politics. People SHOULD be critical and question the science of those representing tthem.h Instead, they are mistified by a name even when the name brings 0 result. It is the same for Diezani AM ‘top executive at Shell bla blablahhh’. She sold us out for Shell and her pockets.

      If we want to get out this hole, we must have the courage to rethink OUR economy four OUR country like Sankara who was not trained in economicw or like some latin American countries did and have RESULTS TO SHOW FOR it.

      Accepting western ideology so docily is colonial mentality. Doing the same thing again and again and expecting different results is madness.

  9. apc lies

    May 28, 2015 at 4:42 pm

    Oshiomo Ole better go face your new wife. That is if you are able to power her sexually.

    You went to use Nigeria money to build and buy all sorts for your wife and her people.

    Mesmerized her with same allocation given to you for Edo state but rather you spent them chasing all thingz in skirt and finally got your new wife.

    What about 25 years old Jane your baby mother ?

    Using State allocation to service pedophile is not a colossal failure?

    Abeg park well.

    Ada nnewi here has been your customer, Dilish of Big brother also etc.

    Oya ada come ranting

    • Tkum

      May 28, 2015 at 5:14 pm

      loooool i cant laugh…mehn! u v to not waste ur time with delusional beings like Ada Nnewi…else u will keep talking..

    • Busarni

      May 28, 2015 at 5:26 pm

      @ apc lies; Hian, i didnt say anything ooh. Just passing…..

    • Me

      May 28, 2015 at 6:52 pm

      We know now say AdaNnewi Na old time Opio. [email protected] being Oshiomole’s customer! I hear Oshio likes Orgies. The Ode of a woman comes here to defend everything APC. Everybody takes a break from BN but not AdaNnewi.

  10. Busarni

    May 28, 2015 at 5:21 pm

    Focus on your VIRGIN wife and teach her the rudiments of bedroom affair first . Handsome man;

  11. VeeOby

    May 28, 2015 at 5:33 pm

    That picture looks like something I see in a morgue. Who actually listens to this chimp..

  12. A Real Nigerian

    May 28, 2015 at 5:51 pm

    Ahh.. I’m not surprised to see whiny, bitter, sad and hopeless Jonathan apologists attacking this man.
    Some have gone off-topic and are now talking about his marriage. How silly, how stupid.
    The truth is hard to swallow and I’m very sure this man has hurt the senseless supporters of Jonathan’s abominable government with his well-written piece. No matter how much you whine, cry and wet your beds because your stupid little “hero” of a failed President is being criticised, the Otuoke drunkard will leave office tomorrow and hopefully, a better Nigeria will rise from the ashes.

    • Ada Nnewi

      May 28, 2015 at 10:47 pm

      Gbam!

  13. A Real Nigerian

    May 28, 2015 at 5:53 pm

    Ahh.. I’m not surprised to see whiny, bitter, sad and hopeless Jonathan apologists attacking this man.
    Some have gone off-topic and are now talking about his marriage. How silly, how stupid.
    The truth is hard to swallow and I’m very sure this man has hurt the senseless supporters of Jonathan’s abominable government with his well-written piece. No matter how much you whine, cry and wet your beds because your stupid little “hero” of a failed President is being criticised, the Otuoke drunkard will leave office tomorrow and hopefully, a better Nigeria will rise from the ashes.

  14. nnenne

    May 29, 2015 at 12:03 am

    And people keep wondering why most of us are expecting miracles from APC.
    After all these criticisms., can we expect less?
    Dear Governor the ball is now in your court.

  15. not here for this

    May 29, 2015 at 12:50 am

    *tremendous
    *absolutely terriblr
    *economics
    *keep

    Sorry forall tthe typos

  16. Peyton

    May 29, 2015 at 9:32 am

    Oshimole dearest. Before criticising I have 2 questions for you
    1. What have you done in Edo state? besides the roads yoy keep spinning what have you done??
    2. Why don’t you publish how much Edo state gets and how much is our IGR?
    3. Why have you been silent on the arrest of 2 of your commissioners abi it is special advisers for activities related to the recent cultists killings?
    4. When are you going to wade into the strike action by the courts is Edo another Rivers State?

  17. Koffie

    May 29, 2015 at 1:44 pm

    No intellectual criticism of his arguments, just people criticizing his marriage and personal life. Typical.
    The person who said we cannot question trained economists as we’re not trained economists, a mentality like that is the greatest harm to the development of any nation. If you have researched facts and figures, why keep mute in a democratic state? This man’s article has spurred an interest in me and I’ll read up more on the Okonjo Iweala administration as Minister of Finance.

  18. Tobi

    May 29, 2015 at 8:36 pm

    @Koffie. Great, knowledge is power. I am glad you have decided to read more. This will be of immense benefit to you because you chose to look beyond his marriage. That’s his personal decision. Anybody can talk about a man and a woman but only intellectual people can look at his comment critically and make sense. Even a 7yr old can talk about his wife.

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