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Deadly Ebola Outbreak Spreading Across West Africa

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Ebola Outbreak Spreads - Bella Naija

This is not a horror movie. This is what the Ebola Virus looks like.

Last month, UNICEF reported that an Ebola Outbreak had killed at least 59 people in Guinea (If you missed this story, click here). The death toll in Guninea has since increased to 78 people. Also, the virus has spread to Liberia.

There are two confirmed cases in Liberia, and some suspected cases in Sierra Leone, TIME reports. The patients in both countries had reportedly visited Guinea.

There are currently no known treatments or vaccines for Ebola, a viral hemorrhagic fever that kills up to 90 percent of those who become infected. The virus spreads through unprotected handling of contaminated corpses, sexual contact, and direct contact with blood, faeces, or sweat.

Early symptoms of Ebola Virus

The incubation period for the virus typically lasts for approximately 1 week after infection occurs. Symptoms include:

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Arthritis
  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Backache
  • Malaise (a general feeling of discomfort, illness, or lack of well-being).
  • Fatigue

Late symptoms include:

  • Rash over the entire body that often contains blood
  • Bleeding from the mouth and rectum (gastrointestinal bleeding)
  • Genital swelling
  • Bleeding from ears, nose, and eyes
  • Eye swelling (conjunctivitis)
  • Increased feeling of pain in the skin
  • Redness in the roof of mouth

Contact your healthcare provider if you happen to experience symptoms of the disorder, as early diagnosis and treatment could improve likelihood of survival.

Photo Credit: itg.content-e.eu Illustrated Lecture Notes on Tropical Medicine

43 Comments

  1. Bleed Blue

    April 1, 2014 at 4:58 pm

    And tomorrow morning, I head out to West Africa…Lord save us…

  2. kwaku

    April 1, 2014 at 4:59 pm

    No treatment or vaccines for Ebola yet! Lord have mercy on west africans

  3. Hurperyearmie

    April 1, 2014 at 4:59 pm

    Lord have mercy!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  4. Fashionista

    April 1, 2014 at 5:01 pm

    Haba BN! I understand you want to create awareness but you have to alert people to “graphic” content na? Not that you’ll put the picture on the front page of the article.

    Having said that, it is good to know though, never seen what it looks like.

  5. ade

    April 1, 2014 at 5:02 pm

    Now thinking God please help us! We should be thinking of closing our borders.

    • robin

      May 2, 2014 at 7:37 pm

      Have you never read The Masque of the Red Death?

  6. fred

    April 1, 2014 at 5:10 pm

    This isn’t funny at all…
    But Ebola? What does that mean?

  7. Adaeze

    April 1, 2014 at 5:11 pm

    Wow! What sort of plague is this? God help us.

  8. O_Intuition!

    April 1, 2014 at 5:14 pm

    Key facts:

    The Ebola virus causes Ebola virus disease (EVD; formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever) in humans.
    EVD outbreaks have a case fatality rate of up to 90%.
    EVD outbreaks occur primarily in remote villages in Central and West Africa, near tropical rainforests.
    The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.
    Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are considered to be the natural host of the Ebola virus.
    No specific treatment or vaccine is available for use in people or animals.

    Transmission:

    Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals. In Africa, infection has been documented through the handling of infected chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rainforest.

    Ebola then spreads in the community through human-to-human transmission, with infection resulting from direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people, and indirect contact with environments contaminated with such fluids. Burial ceremonies in which mourners have direct contact with the body of the deceased person can also play a role in the transmission of Ebola. Men who have recovered from the disease can still transmit the virus through their semen for up to 7 weeks after recovery from illness.

    Health-care workers have frequently been infected while treating patients with suspected or confirmed EVD. This has occurred through close contact with patients when infection control precautions are not strictly practiced.

    Source:
    World Health Organization (Media Centre) – Ebola virus disease
    who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs103/en/

    • Omolola

      April 1, 2014 at 8:40 pm

      Thank you O_Intuition, ds is wat I expected frm BN.

    • Sparkling2013

      April 2, 2014 at 5:45 am

      Why did you expect it from BN? Or doesn’t your internet work when you type in google.com?

  9. Jennifer

    April 1, 2014 at 5:20 pm

    God help us. This thing started in Uganda more 20 years ago.

  10. naana

    April 1, 2014 at 5:24 pm

    closing borders won’t solve problems.
    its the BATS and they are carriers of the virus.

  11. Unyime

    April 1, 2014 at 5:27 pm

    Ebola is just a name given to the virus, it is named after an individual anyway (I think it’s the man who first discovered the existence of the virus).

    • Duke

      April 1, 2014 at 5:59 pm

      No, its named after a river in Congo where it was first discovered

  12. AVID BLOG READER

    April 1, 2014 at 5:34 pm

    This is indeed scary! God help us all. Hope they contain it soon

  13. ibukungeorge

    April 1, 2014 at 5:40 pm

    Lord have mercy!

  14. youtibe

    April 1, 2014 at 5:47 pm

    Its not even funny( crying and sobbing loudly). God help us

  15. God is so powerful

    April 1, 2014 at 6:26 pm

    Let them stop eating bush meat and monkeys

  16. doris

    April 1, 2014 at 7:02 pm

    This is scary.

  17. www.LapesBeautifulCreature.blogspot.com

    April 1, 2014 at 7:04 pm

    So many diseases people are unaware of.

  18. Hey

    April 1, 2014 at 8:05 pm

    African scientists and doctors, Abeg now is the time to put your brains to work. Start working in the lab and come up with a cure or vaccine to prevent this. No allow Oyibo people come treat wetin dey our backyard. Now is the time to put our brains to work. If we want to pray, let it be that God give us the intelligence to find a cure not to come and heal us. Please Africans, we can do this. The black race needs us. Lets to wait for others to solve our problems for us. All the doctors, Abeg come prove yourself in this world and prove every one wrong.

    • tcook

      April 1, 2014 at 9:41 pm

      This is not the first outbreak of Ebola. And trust me it is not as easy as it sounds to create a vaccine or treatment for Ebola. it really isn’t about african scientist/western scientists. It is all about finding a cure to it… It is a scientific/medical problem that knows no race or colourr.. so trust me as much as hands that can be on deck should be encouraged to help manage the disease outbreak.. the virus easily mutates from the original person it was found in to the next person it infects. And of course more virulent strains are isolated over time. May not be a great concern for the west because it is not prevalent there. Even the one that was found in an outbreak in monkeys in reston, va was thankfully not transmissible to humans. But research is being done here on how to create vaccines for it… Viruses are not the easiest organisms to tackle…

    • dfavored1

      April 2, 2014 at 10:08 am

      It seems like you are a doctor and you rightly said it is not much of a great concern to the west right now. So if that it is the case, shouldn’t we sit down and get to work on this thing that affects us? Trust me since it is not much of a great concern to the west now, people will continue to die and Africans are going to be worse of. It is not a competition I know cos it affects humanity but come on, we live in an imperfect and bias world. We better come up with something fast to solve OUR problem and not begin to give excuse as you are doing now. If people gave excuse, even malaria will be like an epidemic now. In essence, since it is our problem FOR NOW, let African scientists come up with solutions to deal with it now. Or is it too much to ask? Give us the cure for it, We are not asking for vaccine yet sef.

  19. Frank

    April 1, 2014 at 8:56 pm

    This is sickening. cant eat again

  20. omalichaspeaks.blogspot.com

    April 1, 2014 at 9:24 pm

    I guess those of you who love Bush meat will need to lay of them now.

  21. Audrey

    April 1, 2014 at 9:46 pm

    Lord have mercy on those of us who use public transport to and from work; sweaty passengers all over. One can never tell who is infected.

  22. Nasy kwechis

    April 1, 2014 at 9:52 pm

    Dis is terrific but it wil b wise if all d medical practitioners will put their heads together nd come up wit sumtin regarding EVD cure.Dis is to help d masses take preventionary measures against dis bad virus. May d almighty come to our aid.

  23. Observation

    April 1, 2014 at 10:20 pm

    In short, this man may not survive. @BN, could you at least not show this picture at such a close up.Its waaaay too graphic.

  24. RightSaidFrred

    April 1, 2014 at 10:28 pm

    What do you get when you cross the ebola virus with the hiv virus? someone asked the other day… a f*ckin’ painful way to die in 1 week flat.

  25. mujer

    April 2, 2014 at 12:29 am

    @Hey – The scientists are busy looking for political position so that they can be like there mates – big house, cars, village mansion, respect from elders and youth, power and recognition at the national level. It is not a curse to love academics. Who say dem no like better thing? On another note though you need endowment funds to support research and the federal government needs to set aside competitive funding to find solutions to problems faced by Africans alone. But who is listening. folks in Abuja are thinking about how to go to London to evade Ebola instead of how to have a vaccine or cure for it.

    • dfavored1

      April 2, 2014 at 10:14 am

      Thank you my dear. It is sickening. That is always our response for it, the rich evade it by traveling to another country and the poor pray to God to avoid the ailment. No one is really thinking of how to solve this thing. It is solvable. We can do it if we put our hearts to it with God by our side. I am not going to pray for a miracle. I am going to pray that God give insights to doctors working on it to come up with a cure or vaccine or at least stop this scourge before it gets out of hand and the West comes to save us once again. Can’t we find solutions to problems affecting us again? What is the African Union doing? Or at least Rich African countries. Some might say this is not the time to say these things but mehn, we need solutions. Why do doctors go to school if they can’t find cure for this. I just tire for my continent sometimes. If you have a problem, solve IT. Don’t give excuse or wait for others to solve it for you

  26. Wale

    April 2, 2014 at 2:27 am

    Contact your health provider ke? if you have these symptoms as per the article….Are you wishing it spreads to Nigeria? God forbid o! If it does if will be via the cities with international airports and I doubt the Government will be able to curtail it. Let us pray it doesn’t.

  27. Wale

    April 2, 2014 at 2:37 am

    Very soon the US government will start banning west Africans from coming here. Jona and his health minister need to have a plan in place to quarantine any travelers from these countries after they arrive in Nigeria like the Chinese govt. did for SARS a few years back. They tested everyone departing or arriving right there at border control. All we need is for one person to slip into the country and it will spread like wild fire. Lagos with its dense population…hmmm!

  28. no heart to hate

    April 2, 2014 at 9:48 am

    Oh God Please Save us

  29. Aframaco

    April 2, 2014 at 1:49 pm

    Yes I do hope the Nigerian Government is monitoring this pandemic with all seriousness, by government I mean the Federal, the states, and the Local governments too….not just Jonathan.

  30. mykoss

    April 4, 2014 at 5:58 am

    ” Africa” may Lord have mercy.

  31. SunTiger

    July 29, 2014 at 6:17 am

    Fascinating photo. Read The Hot Zone years ago and always wondered what the Ebola infection looked like toward the disease’s end. People like to fool themselves into thinking they can control how long they live by exercising and eating right. Those two habits will definitely improve a person’s immune system (so someone is less likely to get sick). Yet truth of the matter is none of us are in control of the DNA we inherit or how our bodies will respond to any of a number of catastrophes. Life has taught me when it’s your time to die – it’s your time. Seeming miraculous events can happen to stop what looks like certain death (e.g., triple bypass heart surgery) for some people and then something that seems completely benign (like a slip and fall) can take the life of someone else. We never know how long we have in this body we live in … best to make sure we enjoy every moment possible. Stop worrying about dying. Death is a given. Focus on living to the fullest now. I agree with others who commented that threat of imminent danger is no laughing matter … yet we can change our lifestyle to live a more vibrant and adventurous life because the reality of our humanity proves to us over and over again that we don’t have much time. Make every day count.

  32. uche

    August 2, 2014 at 1:51 am

    I pray dat the lore wıll help us …

  33. Idris

    August 4, 2014 at 7:54 am

    D world is indeed ending. Boko haaram leaave dat forest if not Ebola go cash una.

  34. Tosin

    August 7, 2014 at 4:56 pm

    hmmm, d end time is near. God have mercy

  35. Aliu

    August 9, 2014 at 8:02 am

    I will just advice fellow Nigerians and Africans in general to beware of the people they move with day in day out coZ we don’t Know WHO is WHO

  36. Richard Gabriel

    August 9, 2014 at 11:23 am

    If you want to protect yourself been infected with Ebola, the only thing you need it is to forget SIN totally. God have mercy upon Nigeria.

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