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Britain Votes to Leave European Union… What Happens Next?

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MANCHESTER, ENGLAND - JUNE 24: Labour MP Gisela Stuart (R) and co-chair of Vote LEAVE talks to the media before the final voting results are announced forecasting LEAVE winning the EU referendum at Manchester Town Hall on June 24, 2016 in Manchester, England. The results from the historic EU referendum are awaiting a final declaration and the United Kingdom is projected to have voted to LEAVE the European Union. (Photo by Christopher Furlong/Getty Images)

MANCHESTER, ENGLAND – JUNE 24: Labour MP Gisela Stuart (R) and co-chair of Vote LEAVE talks to the media before the final voting results are announced forecasting LEAVE winning the EU referendum at Manchester Town Hall on June 24, 2016 in Manchester, England. The results from the historic EU referendum are awaiting a final declaration and the United Kingdom is projected to have voted to LEAVE the European Union.

Britain has voted to leave the European Union, results from Thursday’s landmark referendum showed.

The outcome sets the country on an uncertain path and deals the largest setback to European efforts to forge greater unity since World War II.

The Leave camp secured about 51.9 per cent of the total votes cast.

Sterling suffered its biggest one-day fall of more than 9 per cent against the dollar, hitting its lowest level in three decades on market fears the decision will hit investment in the world’s 5th largest economy.

The vote will initiate at least two years of messy divorce proceedings with the EU, raise questions over London’s role as a global financial capital and put huge pressure on Prime Minister David Cameron to resign, though he pledged during the campaign to stay on whatever the result.

The euro slumped around 3.5 per cent against the dollar on concerns a ‘Brexit’ vote will do wider economic and political damage to what will become a 27-member union.

There was no immediate comment from the Bank of England.

In an early mark of international concern, Japan’s top currency diplomat Masatsugu Asakawa said he would consult with Finance Minister Taro Aso on how to respond to the market moves, describing the foreign exchange moves as very rough.

Yet there was euphoria among Britain’s eurosceptic forces, claiming a victory they styled as a protest against British political leaders, big business and foreign leaders including Barack Obama who had urged Britain to stay in the bloc.

Before the announcement of the final results, leader of the eurosceptic UK Independence Party, Nigel Farage, said “Dare to dream that the dawn is breaking on an independent United Kingdom.”

“If the predictions are right, this will be a victory for real people, a victory for ordinary people, a victory for decent people…Let June 23 go down in our history as our independence day.”

He called the EU a “doomed project”.

Asked if Cameron, who called the referendum in 2013 and campaigned to stay in the bloc, should resign if Britain voted for Brexit, Farage said: “Immediately.”

The United Kingdom now faces a threat to its survival, as Scotland voted 62 per cent in favour of staying in the EU and is likely to press for a new referendum on whether to become independent after its 2014 vote to stay in the UK.

Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said Thursday’s vote “makes clear that the people of Scotland see their future as part of the European Union”.

Quitting the EU could cost Britain access to the EU’s trade barrier-free single market and mean it must seek new trade accords with countries around the world. President Barack Obama says it would be at the “back of a queue” for a U.S. pact.

The EU for its part will emerge economically and politically weakened, facing the departure not only of its most free-market proponent but also a member country that wields a UN Security Council veto and runs a powerful army.
In one go, the bloc will lose around a sixth of its total economic output.

Cameron is expected to formally report the result to his European counterparts within days and prepare negotiations for the first exit by a member state from the EU – an exit he has said would be irreversible.

The British leader called the referendum in 2013 in a bid to head off pressure from local eurosceptics, including within his own party.

Initially billed as an easy ride, the vote has now put his political future on the line. Party ally Boris Johnson, the former London mayor who became the most recognizable face of the “leave” camp, is now widely tipped to seek his job.

Opinion polls had see-sawed throughout an acrimonious four-month campaign, but the Remain camp edged ahead last week after a pro-EU member of parliament, Jo Cox, was shot and stabbed to death by a man shouting “Britain first”.

The attack shocked Britons and raised questions about whether the tone of the debate was fueling intolerance and hatred.

In the end though, the pro-EU camp was powerless to stop a tide of anti-establishment feeling and disenchantment with a Europe that many Britons see as remote, bureaucratic and mired in permanent crises.

Britain, which joined the then European Economic Community (EEC) in 1973, has always been an ambivalent member.

A firm supporter of free trade, tearing down internal economic barriers and expanding the EU to take in ex-communist eastern states, it opted out of joining the euro single currency or the Schengen border-free zone.

Cameron’s ruling Conservatives in particular have risked being torn apart by a slow by steady rise in euroscepticism ever since differences over Europe triggered the ousting of former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in 1990.

World leaders including Obama, Chinese President Xi Jinping, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, NATO and Commonwealth governments had all urged a “Remain” vote, saying Britain would be stronger and more influential in the EU than outside.

Yet the four-month campaign has been among the divisive ever waged in Britain, with accusations of lying and scare-mongering on both sides and rows on immigration which critics said at times unleashed overt racism.

It also revealed deeper splits in British society, with the pro-Brexit side drawing support from millions of voters who felt left behind by globalization and believed they saw no benefits from Britain’s ethnic diversity and free-market economy.

Concerns over uncontrolled immigration, loss of sovereignty, remote rule from Brussels and a protest vote from working class northern voters appear to have trumped almost unanimous warnings of the economic perils of going it alone.

“People are concerned about how they have been treated with austerity and how their wages have been frozen for about seven years,” said John McDonnell, finance spokesman for the opposition Labour Party, which had favoured a Remain vote.

“A lot of people’s grievances have come out and we have got to start listening to them.”

Surveys on public attitudes across the EU have for years shown growing disenchantment with European integration, a project that began in the 1950s as a common market for steel and coal but which over the years offered members the chance to join up to a single currency and do away with old national borders.

Yet while it has become a feature of everyday life seen in everything from EU-sponsored student exchanges to rules on mobile telephone roaming charges, the EU lost public support over its handling of the 2009 sovereign debt crisis that inflicted painful austerity on much of the south of the continent and left many citizens in northern countries resentful at having to fund bailouts.

Right-wing British eurosceptics seized on the euro zone crisis to argue that Britain was “shackled to a corpse”.

Aside from Denmark-ruled Greenland, which left the EEC in 1985 after a row over fishing rights, Britain is the first country to leave the EU, and even EU officials say it takes the continent into uncharted territory.

EU affairs ministers and ambassadors from member states gather in Luxembourg by 10 AM (0800 GMT) for routine talks that will provide the first chance for many to react.

A regular EU summit has been pushed back to next Tuesday and Wednesday, when Cameron may trigger Article 50 of the EU’s treaty, the legal basis for a country to leave, setting in motion two years of divorce negotiations.

Even less clear at this stage is what sort of relationship Britain will seek to negotiate with the EU once it has left.

To retain access to the single market, vital for its giant financial services sector, London would have to adopt all EU regulation without having a say in its shaping, and pay a substantial contribution to Brussels coffers for market access, as Norway and Switzerland do.

EU officials have said UK-based banks and financial companies will lose automatic “passport” access to sell services across Europe if Britain ceased to apply the EU principles of free movement of goods, capital, services and people.

Aside from trade, huge questions now face the millions of British expatriates who live freely elsewhere in the bloc and enjoy equal access to health and other benefits, as well as some 2 million EU citizens who live and work in Britain.

Core founding members of the EU such as France and Germany will be wary of making life too easy for Britain for fear of encouraging eurosceptics across the continent to call for referendums in their countries.

French Economy Minister Emmanuel Macron said last weekend that “when you’re out, you’re out”, insisting Britain could expect no preferential treatment.

German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble has issued similar warnings.

Both countries, whose painful post-war reconciliation formed the basis for the future union of Europe, must now deal with buoyant anti-EU parties at home, with the Alternative fuer Deutschland in Germany and the Front National in France.

Photo Credit: Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) was established by the Federal Government of Nigeria in May 1976 to gather and distribute news on Nigeria and cover events of interest to Nigeria at the international level for the benefit of the Nigerian Media and the Public.

45 Comments

  1. Ephi

    June 24, 2016 at 8:32 am

    I am still in shock, UK leaving the EU and Cameron resigning. What a week of shockers. Let me just negodu. Lots of uncertainty right now but possibly the best time to buy shares for those who want to hold for the long term.

    • FasholasLover

      June 24, 2016 at 9:04 am

      The first casualty is down. Cameron resigns! Now, let’s see how things work out in the next two years. Where is @Lala, that brilliant person.

      America, we await the fall of Trump!

    • Lala

      June 24, 2016 at 9:38 am

      @Fasholalover, I just manage to wake up o! I watched all night. I hope that the new government coming in will listen. I for one when the time comes, I will ask the African diaspora in the UK to congratulate the British people and call for full support of the new labour opposition government, because it’s obvious that Jeremy Corbyn will have to step down during the Labour Party convention later this year. We Africans must call for an equal point based system for all- EU and non-EU citizens alike. British public are worried about a shortfall in staffing for the NHS, well we need to call on the hostile Theresa May led horrible immigration policy that has said non-EU NHS staff earning below 35k need to go home. An instant reversal of that immigration policy means there would be less shortage of experienced NHS staff. I strongly called for a return to the IGS visa scheme- the International graduate scheme that enabled international students from the EU to work for at least 1 year in the UK after graduating- this brought a steady supply of the best brains from around the world to the UK (a people who have paid for their own education), allowing the UK , like Canada to cherry pick the best scene and engineering and top quality graduates into their country.
      Congratulations to Great Britain and as the negotiations begin to replace uncontrolled EU migration with the point based systems, Ngerian graduates coming to study here can hope that in the near future, the immigration system we favour them and indeed the rest of Africa. It is a unique time for Ngeria and the rest of Afica to negotiate balanced trade deals with the U.K and I hope that the Nigerian government and indeed the people of Nigeria see what true democracy is.

    • Lala

      June 24, 2016 at 9:42 am

      Apologies, International graduates from outside the EU.
      Science and engineering graduates.

    • hmmm

      June 24, 2016 at 9:45 am

      “We Africans must call for an equal point based system for all- EU and non-EU citizens alike.”

      Unfortunately Africans do not call the shots in this country. The British people and their “establishments” will determine what they want. Anti-immigration sentiments is NOT just against EU influx but all immigration. Post study work permit will not be coming back anytime soon in my opinion. The story has just started.

    • Pompey

      June 24, 2016 at 10:34 am

      @Lala so you think because David Cameron resigned, that automatically means “a new government”?

      Nah mate, it means a new Prime Minister but the very same government. Still very much the Tories, NOT Labor.

    • Anu

      June 24, 2016 at 11:06 am

      @Lala

      I read your argument for “Leave” on the other post and while you made valid points as an African immigrant, I think you failed to see the bigger picture. Now the UK is out and the UK economy has taken a hit, the first thing the UK will try to do is rebuild their economy and that’ll in no way favor immigrants, African or otherwise. Yes it may level the playing ground between African, Asians and Europeans but if the economy shrinks drastically, I don’t see how that is a positive (20% of 100 is 20 while 50% of 0 is 0). Jeremy Corbyn may have to step down but Labour didn’t have any immigration favorable policies in their manifesto for the last election anyway and the Conservatives have never been known to support immigration. So…I guess we’ll just have to wait and see.

  2. Ephi

    June 24, 2016 at 8:36 am

    Scotland might decide to leave the UK, and maybe Northern Ireland next, then England will be left on its own. Not sure if that is a good thing.

    • Bleed Blue

      June 24, 2016 at 9:42 am

      I woke up to the shock that I will no longer be an EU citizen potentially from 2018.
      Shock is waning as the day goes on.. Thank God I am still an ECOWAS citizen sha 🙂

      Let me digress….Next shock I’m preparing for is Donald Trump being declared the next U.S. President. I say this because it appears to me that recently, any strong anti-immigration agenda is what wins the day for a political campaign.

      And if Trump wins…..

    • The real D

      June 24, 2016 at 1:51 pm

      @ Bleed blue, I think the only way forward is for democrats to begin embracing the fact that We do need some sort of change in immigration policy. The truth is We (Americans) need a change in immigration policy and polls indicate that, ignoring what the people are saying and want is what led to the results we see today with the Brexit, if Americans do not want to see the same results then democrats better hustle and start discussing some much needed immigration changes. With the vote of the Supreme Court yesterday and with the Brexit I think democrats may want to reconsider. The truth is with ISIS and terrorist attacks there is significant fear worldwide, while we may admonish that that should not be the case, the truth is fear has always been and will always be a strong driving force and our politicians need to address that instead of just telling us from their guarded homes not to let fear drive us. Mr. Trump is gaining strength off of this and like many commentators have said today, British vote to exit is a win for a Trump as well.

      When I read Felinda’s comments a few days ago blaming the US about pushing to stay and calling the US the anti Christ, I laughed because I knew Brexit is more likely to favor the US economy as we can already see in today’s market, this goes to show why being fully informed is important.

    • Lala

      June 24, 2016 at 10:09 am

      @Ephi, by EU law, Scotland cannot join. If your sovereign national debt is as massive as that of Scotland, the Eau will not accept you. All countries joining the EU now must accept the Euro. Scotland will not accept the euro, a Greek default, will destroy the Euro and the eurozone. The Price of oil on which the SNP based the case for a new Scottish economy is currently down by about 50% since the Scottish referendum. However, Scotland’s vote will need to be taken into account as the UK negotiatiates with the EU. All in all, the Scotts know that they don’t have the financial clout like the rest of the U.K., and like Norway to strengthen their banks. See how much money the governor of the Bank of England just guaranteed the markets! Over $350 billion in liquidity to shore up the banks and sure they can continue lending to businesses- Scotland simply does not have that kind of money, possibly not in liquid cash. Scotland does not have the same financial buying power as England. Can you see that German auto businesses have said they want to carry on trading with the U.K. A country hose citizens can buy up to 800,000 BMW’s every year is no joke. You call people’s bluff according to the size of your pocket. Other than Edinburgh- a financial services company city and Aberdeen, wages are not all that spectacular in Scotland. The majority of Scottish jobs are simply branches of British jobs plus England has agreed to drill for Shale gas.

      In the end, Nicola Sturgeon will threaten fire and brimstone to negotiate a good deal for Scotland’s place in the UK-‘and thy will get a substantial deal, lots of EU funded projects in Scotland will get post-Brexit style sort of financial bailout (probably not the right words to use) and that will be it. Sturgeon will not put her job on the line, she saw what happened to Alex Salmon when he lost- watch and see, she won’t do it- but she will threaten and threaten.

      As for Northern Ireland, forget it, their net export which is Agro produce is to the UK. They will not even as much as call for a referendum. The Irish are more interested in free border crossing with the Republic of Ireland. The only challenge there is, the ROI is part of the EU and thy do a lot of business with Northern Ireland. All of this makes for one complex negotiation, internally and externally. Don’t you just love the Welsh, they quietly voted leave- they know where their bread is buttered. Interesting days ahead.(forgive my errors, couldn’t be bothered to edit, I tire jare).

    • Ephi

      June 24, 2016 at 10:22 am

      Lala, you really should go into politics at some point!

      Re: Scotland, I don’t think they’ll opt to join the EU but they could choose to stand alone – outside the UK and the EU, although the oil price is not on their side right now. For me, the main concern is the economic impact, stocks and currency already down. I am not convinced Britain has what it takes to go alone. Also if London becomes a less desirable European hub, it’s going to impact jobs. On the plus-side, property prices may fall due to less demand, but that’s more a selfish personal reason.

    • Fisayo

      June 24, 2016 at 10:40 am

      @Lala ahn ahn!

      You were making plenty sense until you casually mentioned that aside from Edinburgh and Aberdeen,, salaries in Scotland aren’t that great.

      Biko, what of Glasgow and their own chunk of the financial market?
      And by the way with such a small population n the whole of Scotland, the way you cast aside Edinburgh and Aberdeen as if they don’t make up a huge number of the populace, it doesn’t really stand to reason.
      And finally, if we want to stay with your argument, same can be said of England…aside from London and immediate environs, salaries in England are pitiful…check out places like Notts, Leeds, Midlands areas…very pitiful wages.

      I rest my little case.

    • nwa nna

      June 24, 2016 at 10:50 am

      @lala, I read through your comments & I’m very impressived at your grasp of the matter on both a macro & micro economic level… Kudos

    • Lala

      June 24, 2016 at 2:21 pm

      @Ephi, Scotland cannot stand alone. Please go to DailyMail and read Scottish people’s reaction to Nocola Sturgeon’s statement. Scots are commenting in their thousands, that they don’t want another referendum and that if she calls for a rerferendum, they will punish the SNP in the next elections. Scots are reacting already, because their economy is in quite a bad shape. Actually, many Scots are jubilation get that they voted against Independence in 2014, or else, with the current oil price, they won’t have been bankrupt. Just go to the Nicola Sturgeon story on DailyMail, Scots are insulting her saying she should respect their vote on the previous referendum. They are saying, it does not make any sense for them to be independent from the UK but subservient to the EU. Many Scots are commenting that if she calls for a referendum, this time, the margin will be more than 10% in favour of staying with the U.K.
      I already noted this on Bellanaija 2 days ago. Scotland is severely broke and outside the UK, will be bankrupt in 2-3 years. She won’t call fr a referendum, you watch, as Scots are already saying she wants to destroy their country. Scotland does not have the money to pay for its pension- and they have a massive ageing population. Worse still, they don’t have the money to fund the NHS. Scotland does not want a failed economy, like that of the Republic of Ireland which has already received EU bailout. At the moment, Republic of Ireland’s economy is a mess and they are part of the EU, and the Scots are saying they don’t want same.
      Understand how politics and economics work, so that when a politician says something, you can call their bluff.

  3. Anon

    June 24, 2016 at 8:37 am

    What a day. So many new things will happen. Worked out well for BoJo and his team of travellers.

  4. Dami

    June 24, 2016 at 8:38 am

    Now we are gonna need a visa to travel across Europe. Why should I need a visa to travel to ordinary France. To those people who voted leave.. I don’t think you know what you’ve just done. Even our prime minister has resigned. Well done guyz

    • Aa

      June 24, 2016 at 9:10 am

      We won’t need a visa, we are still part of the EEA just not the EU. EEA is what gives free movement darling.

    • Lala

      June 24, 2016 at 10:21 am

      @Dami, really? Common! You don’t even need a visa to America- I presume that because I presume you have a British passport. Travel all you want for the next 2 years visa free across Europe. Even after the negotiations, these countries will do visa on arrival – even Nigeria does visa on arrival for investors these days, all countries are looking for investments my dear. Do you think Spain will destroy its holiday market or retirement property market- you know how much Brits take to Spain every year in holiday money? You know Santander is a Spamish bank? You think Spain will crash the UK market and destroy one of their strongest banks? My dear relax, senior na British passport? They will give you visa on arrival in Barcelona- worse case scenario.’

    • Liz

      June 24, 2016 at 11:18 am

      @Lala Go figure, the British do not constitute the majority of tourists in Spain, Scandinavians & Russians are the “new targets”. So, Spain does not need the UK in the long run, more like the UK nationals need Spain for the health care system, the easy way of life in Spain and hassle free business.

      The UK leaving the EU will only work with a leg in (free movement of goods, people & services) otherwise, they are doomed! Watch how Spain fights back for Gibraltar, Scotland leaves and England will cry. The ‘Visa on arrival’ you so speak of, how is that a great thing?
      UK and their arrogance is what will bring their downfall, they need the rest of the world in the same way the world needs them.

    • ATL's finest

      June 25, 2016 at 1:06 am

      @ Dami huh???? Find out your Info’s properly boo Well, to all those that might be involved Kpele o.

  5. Tolulope

    June 24, 2016 at 8:59 am

    The Biafrans should be given thesame opportunity to be free from the 1914 fraudulent marriage.
    So sure they’ll move faster ahead of the other regions because they’re strong and intelligent. No need for intimidation and killing from the Government.

    • Sigh

      June 24, 2016 at 9:04 am

      Tolulope indeed, more like Nnamdi. Please carry your biafra issue elsewhere.

  6. BlueEyed

    June 24, 2016 at 9:05 am

    Infact I am just here laughing,British Exit will affect british Economy, Immigration Policy and lots more. We should however note that this referendum is not the final stance, and the full consequences will take years to become clear.
    The process of leaving the EU is not one that will go smoothly, this Brexit vote is not legally binding and actually there are a few ways the move could theoretically be blocked or overturned. In the EU treaty there must be formal notification of withdrawal which this vote does not count as, and the further negotiations will not be pretty as the EU is a stronger force. Now with Cameron’s move to resign (which infact was a smart one) because divide in the conservative party would have frustrated him out of office, so the uncertainty of if the new conservative government will be run by a Euroskeptical and anti-immigration PM, is one that will affect the relationship between UK and the EU (their largest trading partner). Also with this recent development chances of negotiating a favorable deal like that of Norway are very slim..in the case of a Euroskeptical PM the EU might strike harder in turn creating problems for a lot of Uk Based business, definately impending rescission in sight.
    The Bigger Picture on the side of Immigration is the significant uncertainty for ALL immigrants, Africans and Asians alike; the push for a more Anglo UK will drive tougher schemes on immigration.
    Furthermore, this move could trigger a breakup of the U.K., the U.K. as a United Kingdom might be no more, we already know that a vast population of scots want to opt out, and polls have indicated that majority of the scots supported the move to remain in the EU, as they have not been satisfied with English domination, (evident in the 44% of oeople who voted to make Scotland and independent country) and the involvement of the U.K. with the EU being one of their only satisfactions, this move will strengthen the hand of separatists leading to an independent Scotland which will most likely file to be in the EU on its own right.
    The U.K. Is embarking on an UNCERTAIN journey and its effect will be glaring in the coming years.
    Na America sure pass sha.

  7. Mr. Egghead

    June 24, 2016 at 9:22 am

    It’s sad because people just thought Brexit meant “less foreigners” Right now, Either the EU starts disintegrating or UK itself starts disintegrating

    Scotland will definitely pursue another referendum to leave the UK and this time they will win (they clearly want to stay in the EU). Ireland starts to consider independence. London will cease to be the capital of European banking. Signing trade deals with EU countries is going to be considerably more difficult, because they have lost bargaining power.

    The GBP will definitely take a hit. and starts a downward spiral. No more free trade for the UK as other EU countries impose tariffs and taxes on British goods -> reduced production ->reduced jobs. Britain’s loss of access to the free market simply means they can’t sell all their stuff to Europe easily. Who will buy? China and Japan already dominate Asia. Africa?
    No more visa free access to EU states. Absolutely horrible. You can’t jump on a plane and travel to Paris for lunch and Brussels for dinner.

    In the midst of the tumble, the golden boy of the UK – the NHS becomes grossly underfunded ( Free healthcare costs a lot!). Maybe they’ll privatize it like Nigel Farage has once suggested.

    How can anybody put their trust in Nigel Farage and Boris Johnson? They simply whipped up anti-immigrant sentiment and got everybody in line.
    This is effectively the end of the United Kingdom as a world-power

    • whocares

      June 24, 2016 at 10:08 am

      @Mr. E.H- You get it. The pound reached an all time low since 1985 today.. The people who voted leave just do not understand. Yes it will take a while at least 2 years once article 50 is invoked but gods.. the economic, social and political consequences are so grave.. least of all the fact that ignorant people take leaving the EU to mean Britain is for just the white British people; and Nigel Farage was voting to leave.. how can you stand to be on the same side as Mr. Farage, that should have been the first inkling that something was just not right.!!! I know some people who voted leave because they wanted accountability and transparency from the government and that is fair enough; but for anyone who voted leave due to the immigration scare? smh

  8. hmmm

    June 24, 2016 at 9:23 am

    I agree that ALL immigrants will be affected in the long run, and def not positively.

  9. Mondela

    June 24, 2016 at 9:26 am

    Next would be germany and france..am sure.

  10. Atreides

    June 24, 2016 at 9:39 am

    To the pro-Biafra peeps, this is how civilised people do a secession. You don’t run around threatening a country, calling its citizens animals and declaring war if your demand is not granted.
    There were no records of hate speech, just ordinary people doing intelligent research and presenting their opinions in a peaceful manner.
    Adopt this approach and maybe the world might just listen to you guys.

    • LaDolceVita

      June 24, 2016 at 9:48 am

      @Atreides are you really this unintelligent or are you just trying to provoke a reaction. Whatever the case may be. The “Pro-Biafra peeps” as you called them did just that in 1966 with the Aburi Accord. Guess what your Nigerian government chose to ignore it and instead started a genocide. It is only a fool that will do the same twice and expect different result. If Kosovo could get their independence why cant “biafran peeps”

    • Atreides

      June 24, 2016 at 10:43 am

      @LaDolceVita, Alrighty then!
      Continue this approach, alienate everybody including world leaders who would have been sympathetic to your cause.
      Keep spreading the hate campaigns.
      Advocate for the killing of people from other tribes.
      Refer to the country as a zoo.
      Threaten to blow up infrastructures.
      And see if you won’t end up like the Tamil Tigers of Sri Lanka.

    • Bleed Blue

      June 24, 2016 at 9:54 am

      @Atreides

      Except our constitution doesn’t provide for a referendum. The Senate has to amend the constitution so this provision can be included. How many CORE Ibo states are in the country? Let’s name Abia, Enugu, Anambra, Ebonyi, Imo…if we want to (controversially) stretch this list, we can include Rivers, Delta, Edo and Cross River. So that’s 9 states.

      9 X 3 Senators is 27. Out of 109.

      A two-thirds majority is needed to get the constitution amended to include a referendum process. So essentially, let’s say 72 Senators voting in favor.

      Will up to 72 Senators vote in favor of a referendum?

      Maybe so.

      But probably not.

  11. @edDREAMZ

    June 24, 2016 at 10:16 am

    a.k.a EDWIN CHINEDU AZUBUKO said…
    .
    Is obvious am the only nigeria staying in Nigeria on this comment section….
    .
    .
    ***CURRENTLY IN JUPITER***

    • Ephi

      June 24, 2016 at 10:25 am

      Haha! edDreamz, we all thought you live in Jupiter na.

    • ATL's finest

      June 25, 2016 at 1:08 am

      Hahhahaha lmao!! Well @ Ephi she’s very right. Don’t worry U can relocate from Nigeria/jupita to Mars.

  12. Lala

    June 24, 2016 at 11:52 am

    @Liz,
    British people are not against Spain or any other EU country, they fear an unelected body of governors are becoming dictators and controlling them and dominated by Germany. Everyone, please look at Switzerland and Norway and even Iceland, they are not in the EU. Of course Switzerland is in the EEA, it is left to be seen what the UK will get. They want to trade with the world and Europe, but Germany is taking over. As it stands today, Germany owns. Greece and they imposed the current austerity leader of Italy on them. This is what the British are afraid of. You know this country, as you grow up, you are taught the history and wars this country has gone through, including an almost complete takeover of Europe by Nazi Germany. In the spirit of Dunkirk, the British have voted, their sovereignty means more them than anything else, then so be it.

    • Lala

      June 24, 2016 at 11:53 am

      Means more to them

    • bijouxthisbijouthat

      June 24, 2016 at 12:32 pm

      Lala, which article did you make those brilliant arguments for the brexit? been looking all over for it.. the link please… thanks

    • Lala

      June 24, 2016 at 2:29 pm

      @bijou…. It was the battabox article askin Nigerians what they felt about immigration in the UK

    • Liz

      June 24, 2016 at 12:33 pm

      @Lala : Keyword – FEAR. So you agree that as a result of fear they have made this ‘drastic’ decision (at least in my opinion) not considering the younger generation after them.

      “The fundamental purposes of the European Union are to promote greater social, political and economic harmony among the nations of Western Europe.” Basically the aim of the EU was to unite and bring harmony not to dictate as you stated, because at the end of the day, each country has their own rules and will most likely abide by their own rules.

      I believe they only wanted out due to greed, yes being a part of the EU is expensive but not big a issue to go ahead and pull the plug because they fear they are paying too much and should invest the money elsewhere? where I ask?

      All I see is greed and fear here. Think of our generation, the younger generation, and the ones coming and so forth. Being a force, unites us, we learn and benefit from each other.

      The UK wants to bake their cake, eat it and have it and also have to eat from the others as well, nothing more to this.

    • Lala

      June 24, 2016 at 2:37 pm

      @Liz, how can you say it is greed?
      Don’t undermine a people. Do you know how many Brits died in both World wars? These people value their sovereignty and freedom. They were almost conquered by the Germans. Please go and read about the wars, their freedom from Nazi German forces was hard won- through sweat and blood. Half of London was bombed and literally finished. Just because me and you show up later and see things rosy in the west does not mean it was always so. They fought for almost everything they have.

      If 50 years from now, the Ibo’s finally get Biafra via a referendum, imagine telling them they are selfish? Do you know what it has cost them? I am not Ibo by the way, but my dear, freedom and sovereignty haven been won, should be guarded with all of one’s life- nothing selfish about that.

  13. concerned9a

    June 24, 2016 at 12:20 pm

    Farage and Boris…don’t give a hoot about Asian and African immigrants..FACT!!…no matter how you dress it they pander to Right Wing Fascists and are on the rise…on the guise of sovereignty..EU out ..People of colour already out and won’t change!!
    As someone alluded..voting was based on fear of Johnny Foreigner..by the middle and old age White Brits..irrespective of economic buoyancy…the same rhetoric used by Trump..
    Soon dust would settle…let’s see if the promise of access to health..housing materialises..and VISA requirements for Africans is on a level playing field.
    A tighter reign on free movement of EU citizens should have been adequate..but ay!!

  14. Tiana

    June 24, 2016 at 1:12 pm

    All the sham eu marriage will hopefully end soon… marry eu girl to get their stay then go back to their country to marry again.. .. the British people have spoken… democracy.. it’s time to take back.. All the same… most complain that the british white are racist if they voted out but still do all they can to remain in the country…the vote was not about race as the media would like to portray it.. we are just fed up.. that includes some white brown black yellow.. am black n proud I voted out and will do it again if need be

  15. Ivie

    June 24, 2016 at 1:55 pm

    Back to naija……Should biafra leave or remain in Nigeria?

  16. Liz

    June 24, 2016 at 3:24 pm

    @Lala Yes it is greed. You can’t want in when you saw benefits and then want out when the shit hits the fan.
    I can’t speak on the war because I do not know anything about that, I can only speak on the present and our generation.

    Many have died for their country so it’s not just the Brits please. This is not a point to stand on or by, I am certain countries raged war for different reasons.

    Nigeria is one country and God forbid they get divided because some people want it that way. This is a selfish point of view, nothing heroic about wanting division regardless of how long or how much sweat was implied.

    Rightly so, they fought for what they have today, the EU is not fighting against independence. Every country in the EU is independent in their own right.

    Catalunya wants their independence from Spain too, so should we now say because of ‘freedom & sovereignty’ they should go ahead, without thinking of the consequences?

    Division is not the answer. The UK, being in the EU was not a threat to their economy, the EU is not the problem.

    It is FEAR with a dash of GREED. Because Brexit or no Brexit, let’s see who gets affected the most by this decision. I think we all know the answer to this one 🙂

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